Random Analytics

Charts, Infographics & Analytics. No Spinning the Data. No Juking the Stats

Month: April, 2014

Random Analytics: Ebola 2014 (update to 23 Apr 2014)

“This study demonstrates the emergence of a new EBOV strain in Guinea,” New England Journal of Medicine (22 April 2014).

The latest outbreak of Ebola Zaire, which is ongoing, has now reached 242-clinical cases and taken the lives of 147. Guinea has borne the brunt of the disease with 208-clinical cases (136-deaths) and Liberia 34 clinical cases (11-deaths, revised down from 13). Previously reported cases in Mali and Sierra Leone have either been confirmed as Lassa fever or Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) negative. Although recent cases are tapering off these numbers are still likely to change.

The World Health Organisation has a comprehensive update issued on the 22 April 2014.

As part of a post-graduate program I am undertaking I have built a five-minute Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) lesson utilising just four graphs and six-dot points.

1. Ebola Virus Disease Outbreak (Guinea/Liberia 2014) * UPDATED *

01 - Ebola_GuineaOutbreak_140423

***** Please note that this infographic of the EVD was updated with public source information to 2000hrs 23 April 2014 (EST) *****

From the World Health Organisation. Ebola virus disease, West Africa (Situation as of 22 April 2014). Excerpt:

As of 18:00 on 20 April, the Ministry of Health (MOH) of Guinea has reported a cumulative total of 208 clinical cases of Ebola Virus Disease (EVD), including 136 deaths. To date, 169 patients have been tested for ebolavirus infection and 112 cases have been laboratory confirmed, including 69 deaths.  In addition, 41 cases (34 deaths) meet the probable case definition for EVD and 55 cases (33 deaths) are classified as suspected cases.  Twenty-five (25) health care workers (HCW) have been affected (18 confirmed), with 16 deaths (12 confirmed).

Clinical cases of EVD have been reported from Conakry (53 cases, including 23 deaths), Guekedou (122/87), Macenta (22/16), Kissidougou (6/5), Dabola (4/4) and Djingaraye (1/1). Laboratory confirmed cases and deaths have been reported from Conakry (37 cases, including 19 deaths), Guekedou (60/38), Macenta (13/10), Kissidougou (1/1) and Dabola (1/1). These updated figures include 3 new cases isolated on 20 April from Conakry and Guekedou, 2 of whom are laboratory confirmed.  Five new deaths have also been reported among existing cases; all 5 of the deaths were patients with confirmed EVD.  Twenty-one (21) patients were in isolation in Conakry (12), Guekedou (8) and Macenta (1), while 16 patients who recovered from their illness were discharged from hospital.

Notes: The map graphic was taken from Wikipedia (then amended).

2. Ebola across Africa * UPDATED *

02 - Ebola_AcrossAfrica_140423

***** Please note that this infographic of the EVD was updated with public source information to 0800hrs 23 April 2014 (EST). EBOV = Ebola Zaire, SUDV = Ebola Sudan, BDBV = Ebola Bundibugyo and TAFV = Ebola Ivory Coast *****

The Ebola across Africa infographic details the country specific outbreaks of the EVD since it was first discovered in 1976 (with a 1972 retrospective case from Zaire included). As the map shows the bulk of the outbreaks have occurred within central Africa and the most deadly, Ebola Zaire causing the most cases in the Democratic Republic of Congo (formally Zaire). The most recent outbreak has actually occurred in West Africa, originating from Guinea and is a new isolate of Ebola Zaire (Gueckedou and Kissidougou).

As an additional point of interest I have also added the Health Expenditure per capita for each country in 2012 $USD (source: World Bank).

Notes: The 1976 – 2004 outbreaks of Ebola Sudan occurred in the bottom half of Sudan (now South Sudan). Zaire was renamed the Democratic Republic of Congo in 1997.

3. Ebola (Top 10 Outbreaks by Case Numbers) * UPDATED *

03 - Ebola_Top10OutbreaksByCaseNo_140423

***** Please note that this infographic of the EVD was updated with public source information to 0800hrs 23 April 2014 (EST) *****

The next chart displays the top 10 outbreaks in order of case numbers and each horizontal bar is filled with the flag of the country where the outbreak occurred. With clinical cases reaching 208 in Guinea and 34 in Liberia the EBOV17 coded outbreak has now become sixth largest (242) based on case numbers. The largest outbreak (SUDV4) was of Ebola Sudan in Uganda (2000) when 425 became infected and 224 died. The only other recording of an EVD that jumped borders prior to this outbreak was the 10th worst outbreak (EBOV8) when a doctor caught the disease in Gabon and subsequently took an international flight to South Africa where he became ill and infected other health workers.

Notes: In order from lowest to highest. 10th: EBOV8 (Gabon/South Africa), 9th: EBOV9 (Gabon), 8th: EBOV11 (Republic of Congo), 7th: BDBV01 (Uganda), 6th: EBOV17 (Guinea/Liberia/Mali), 5th: EBOV15 (Democratic Republic of Congo), 4th: SUDV1 (technically Sudan but would now be South Sudan), 3rd: EBOV6 (Zaire but now the DRC), 2nd: EBOV2 (Zaire but now the DRC) and 1st: SUDV4 (Uganda).

4. Ebola (Cases by Classification and Year) * UPDATED *

04 - Ebola_CasesbyClassYear_140423

***** Please note that this infographic of the EVD was updated with public source information to 0800hrs 23 April 2014 (EST) *****

The final chart shows cases by classification (Ebola Zaire, Sudan, Bundibugyo, Reston and Ivory Coast) by year and then split into those recovered or those deceased (following in a red variant). As you can see the initial outbreak in 1976 of the both Ebola Zaire and Ebola Sudan was the most significant year with 603 cases and 431 deaths (a combined Case Fatality Rate of 71.5%). With up to 242 clinical cases so far the 2014 Ebola Zaire outbreak is now the fifth worst in terms of case numbers.

Notes: Several years had just one case. They are 1972 (a retrospective fatality of Ebola Zaire in Zaire), 1977 (a single case of Ebola Zaire in Zaire), 1988 (an accidental infection of Ebola Zaire in Porton Down, UK) and 2011 (a single fatality of Ebola Sudan in Uganda). The 2014 numbers are currently provisional.

Key Facts: (source: Fact Sheet 103, WHO, last updated March 2014)

  • The Ebola virus causes Ebola virus disease (EVD; formerly known as Ebola haemorrhagic fever) in humans;
  • EVD outbreaks have a case fatality rate of up to 90%;
  • EVD outbreaks occur primarily in remote villages in Central and West Africa, near tropical rainforests;
  • The virus is transmitted to people from wild animals and spreads in the human population through human-to-human transmission;
  • Fruit bats of the Pteropodidae family are considered to be the natural host of the Ebola virus;
  • No specific treatment or vaccine is available for use in people or animals.

Acknowledgements:Data for this infographic was sourced from official reports from the World Health Organisation. I have also utilised resources from the CDC, CIDRAP, H5N1, Virology Down Under and National Geographic.

Random Analytics: Ebola Outbreak in Guinea/Liberia (to 21 Apr 2014)

“Our priority is to continue to care for the people infected with the Ebola virus,” Henry Gray, Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) Emergency Coordinator, Guinea (18 April 2014).

The latest outbreak of Ebola Zaire, which is ongoing, has now infected up to 230-persons and taken the lives of 142. Guinea has borne the brunt of the disease with 203 infections (129-deaths) and Liberia 27 infections (13-deaths). Previously reported cases in Mali and Sierra Leone have shown to be negative. These numbers are still likely to change.

The World Health Organisation has a comprehensive update issued on the 17 April 2014 (care of FluTrackers).

As part of a post-graduate program I am undertaking to build a five-minute Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) lesson utilising just four graphs and six-dot points. Here is the final chart! I’ll update the other three chart(s) to align the information as the next update becomes available:

New Chart – Ebola Virus Disease Outbreak (Guinea/Liberia 2014)

01 - Ebola_GuineaOutbreak_140421

***** Please note that this infographic of the EVD was updated with public source information to 2345hrs 20 April 2014 (EST) *****

The most impacted area of this EVD outbreak is in the Guekedou Prefecture with the outbreak spreading over the border to neighbouring Liberia.

Notes: The map graphic was taken from public source data from Wikipedia (and amended).

Key Facts: (source: Fact Sheet 103, WHO, last updated March 2014)

  • The Ebola virus causes Ebola virus disease (EVD; formerly known as Ebola haemorrhagic fever) in humans;
  • EVD outbreaks have a case fatality rate of up to 90%;
  • EVD outbreaks occur primarily in remote villages in Central and West Africa, near tropical rainforests;
  • The virus is transmitted to people from wild animals and spreads in the human population through human-to-human transmission;
  • Fruit bats of the Pteropodidae family are considered to be the natural host of the Ebola virus;
  • No specific treatment or vaccine is available for use in people or animals.

Acknowledgements:Data for this infographic was sourced from official reports from the World Health Organisation. I have also utilised resources from the CDC, CIDRAP, H5N1, Virology Down Under and National Geographic.

Random Analytics: Ebola across Africa (to 14 Apr 2014)

***** Note: If you would like a more updated version of this series of charts then please check out Random Analytics: Ebola across Africa (to 1 Oct 2014) *****

“We are pleased to say we have controlled the spread of the epidemic,” Francois Fall, Foreign Minister, Guinea (14 April 2014).

The latest outbreak of Ebola Zaire, which is ongoing, has now infected up to 200-persons and taken the lives of 121. Guinea has borne the brunt of the disease with 168 infections (108-deaths), Liberia 26 infections (13-deaths) and there are six suspected cases in Mali. These numbers are still likely to change.

The World Health Organisation has a comprehensive update issued on the 14 April 2014.

As part of a post-graduate program I am undertaking to build a five-minute Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) lesson utilising just five graphs and six-dot points. Here is the latest chart along with previous updated chart(s):

New Chart – Ebola across Africa

01 - Ebola_AcrossAfrica_140414

***** Please note that this infographic of the EVD was updated with public source information to 0800hrs 15 April 2014 (EST). EBOV = Ebola Zaire, SUDV = Ebola Sudan, BDBV = Ebola Bundibugyo and TAFV = Ebola Ivory Coast *****

The Ebola across Africa infographic details the country specific outbreaks of the EVD since it was first discovered in 1976 (with a 1972 retrospective case from Zaire included). As the map shows the bulk of the outbreaks have occurred within central Africa and the most deadly variant, Ebola Zaire causing the most cases in the Democratic Republic of Congo (formally Zaire). Although the reasons are unclear the most recent outbreak has actually occurred in West Africa, originating from Guinea. As an additional point of interest I have also added the Health Expenditure per capita for each country in 2012 $USD (source: World Bank).

Notes: The 1976 – 2004 outbreaks of Ebola Sudan occurred in the bottom half of Sudan (now South Sudan). Zaire was renamed the Democratic Republic of Congo in 1997.

Chart 2 – Ebola (Top 10 Outbreaks by Case Numbers) * UPDATED *

02 - Ebola_Top10OutbreaksByCaseNo_140414

***** Please note that this infographic of the EVD was updated with public source information to 0800hrs 15 April 2014 (EST) *****

The next chart displays the top 10 outbreaks in order of case numbers and each horizontal bar is filled with the flag of the country where the outbreak occurred. With confirmed/suspected cases in Guinea (168), Liberia (26) and Mali (6) the EBOV17 coded outbreak has now become sixth largest based on case numbers. The largest outbreak (SUDV4) was of Ebola Sudan in Uganda (2000) when 425 became infected and 224 died. The only other recording of an EVD that jumped borders prior to this was in the 10th worst outbreak (EBOV8) when a doctor caught the disease in Gabon and subsequently caught an international flight to South Africa where he became ill and infected other health workers.

Notes: In order from lowest to highest. 10th: EBOV8 (Gabon/South Africa), 9th: EBOV9 (Gabon), 8th: EBOV11 (Republic of Congo), 7th: BDBV01 (Uganda), 6th: EBOV17 (Guinea/Liberia/Mali), 5th: EBOV15 (Democratic Republic of Congo), 4th: SUDV1 (technically Sudan but would now be South Sudan), 3rd: EBOV6 (Zaire but now the DRC), 2nd: EBOV2 (Zaire but now the DRC) and 1st: SUDV4 (Uganda).

Chart 3 – Ebola (Cases by Classification and Year) * UPDATED *

03 - Ebola_CasesbyClassYear_140414

***** Please note that this infographic of the EVD was updated with public source information to 0800hrs 15 April 2014 (EST) *****

The final chart shows cases by classification (Ebola Zaire, Sudan, Bundibugyo, Reston and Ivory Coast) by year and then split into those recovered or those deceased (following in a red variant). As you can see the initial outbreak in 1976 of the both Ebola Zaire and Ebola Sudan was the most significant year with 603 cases and 431 deaths (a combined Case Fatality Rate of 71.5%). With up to 200 confirmed/suspected cases so far the 2014 Ebola Zaire outbreak is now the fifth worst in terms of case numbers.

Notes: Several years had just one case. They are 1972 (a retrospective fatality of Ebola Zaire in Zaire), 1977 (a single case of Ebola Zaire in Zaire), 1988 (an accidental infection of Ebola Zaire in Porton Down, UK) and 2011 (a single fatality of Ebola Sudan in Uganda). The 2014 numbers are currently provisional.

Key Facts: (source: Fact Sheet 103, WHO, last updated March 2014)

  • The Ebola virus causes Ebola virus disease (EVD; formerly known as Ebola haemorrhagic fever) in humans;
  • EVD outbreaks have a case fatality rate of up to 90%;
  • EVD outbreaks occur primarily in remote villages in Central and West Africa, near tropical rainforests;
  • The virus is transmitted to people from wild animals and spreads in the human population through human-to-human transmission;
  • Fruit bats of the Pteropodidae family are considered to be the natural host of the Ebola virus;
  • No specific treatment or vaccine is available for use in people or animals.

Acknowledgements: Data for this infographic was sourced from official reports from the World Health Organisation. I have also utilised resources from the CDC, CIDRAP, H5N1, Virology Down Under and National Geographic.

Random Analytics: Top 10 Ebola Outbreaks by Case Numbers (to 11 Apr 2014)

 

“This is one of the most challenging Ebola outbreaks that we have ever faced. And the reasons why this is one of the most challenging outbreaks is that, first we see a wide geographic dispersion of cases. So this has come in from a number of districts as well as a large city in Guinea, Conakry.” Dr Keiji Fukuda, WHO (10 April 2014).

The latest outbreak of Ebola Zaire, which is ongoing, has now infected 157-persons and taken the lives of 101 in Guinea while in neighbouring Liberia up to 25-persons have been infected with 12-deaths. As I write this post there are unconfirmed reports of the outbreak spreading to Mali while other countries have been ruling out cases through intensive testing. Both outbreaks are fluid and those numbers may increase or decrease as data solidifies or the virus spreads further. See the latest World Health Organisation (WHO) Disease Outbreak News (DON) from the two countries (correct as at 10 April 2014) for the latest details.

As part of a post-graduate program I am undertaking to build a five-minute Ebola Virus Disease lesson utilising just five graphs and six-dot points (as supplied by the WHO). Here is the latest chart along with previous chart(s) and my dot-points:

New Chart – Ebola (Top 10 Outbreaks by Case Numbers)

02 - Ebola_CasesbyClassYear_140411

***** Please note that this infographic of the EVD was updated with public source information to 0800hrs 11 April 2014 (EST). *****

The next infographic addition displays the top 10 outbreaks in order of case numbers and each horizontal bar is filled with the flag of the country where the outbreak occurred. With confirmed/suspected cases in Guinea (157) and Liberia (25) for a total of 182 the outbreak (coded EBOV17) has now become sixth largest based on case numbers. The largest outbreak (SUDV4) was of Ebola Sudan in Uganda (2000) when 425 became infected and 224 died. The only other recording of an EVD that jumped borders prior to this was in the 10th worst outbreak (EBOV8) when a doctor caught the disease in Gabon and subsequently travelled on a plane to South Africa where he infected health care workers.

Notes: In order from lowest to highest. 10th: EBOV8 (Gabon/South Africa), 9th: EBOV9 (Gabon), 8th: EBOV11 (Republic of Congo), 7th: BDBV01 (Uganda), 6th: EBOV17 (Guinea/Liberia), 5th: EBOV15 (Democratic Republic of Congo), 4th: SUDV1 (technically Sudan but would now be South Sudan), 3rd: EBOV6 (Zaire but now the DRC), 2nd: EBOV2 (Zaire but now the DRC) and 1st: SUDV4 (Uganda).

Chart 2 – Ebola (Cases by Classification and Year) * UPDATED *

01 - Ebola_Top10OutbreaksByCaseNo_140411

***** Please note that this infographic of the EVD was updated with public source information to 0800hrs 11 April 2014 (EST) *****

The updated infographic shows cases by classification (Ebola Zaire, Sudan, Bundibugyo, Reston and Ivory Coast) by year and then split into those recovered or those deceased (following in a red variant). As you can see the initial outbreak of the both Ebola Zaire and Sudan in 1976 was the most significant with 603 cases and 431 deaths (a combined Case Fatality Rate of 71.5%). With up to 182 confirmed cases so far the 2014 outbreak numbers are already fifth in terms of case numbers.

Notes: Several years had just one case. They are 1972 (a retrospective fatality of Ebola Zaire in Zaire), 1977 (a single case of Ebola Zaire in Zaire), 1988 (an accidental infection of Ebola Zaire in Porton Down, UK) and 2011 (a single fatality of Ebola Sudan in Uganda). The 2014 numbers are currently provisional.

Key Facts: (source: Fact Sheet 103, WHO, last updated March 2014)

  • The Ebola virus causes Ebola virus disease (EVD; formerly known as Ebola haemorrhagic fever) in humans;
  • EVD outbreaks have a case fatality rate of up to 90%;
  • EVD outbreaks occur primarily in remote villages in Central and West Africa, near tropical rainforests;
  • The virus is transmitted to people from wild animals and spreads in the human population through human-to-human transmission;
  • Fruit bats of the Pteropodidae family are considered to be the natural host of the Ebola virus;
  • No specific treatment or vaccine is available for use in people or animals.

Acknowledgements:Data for this infographic was sourced from official reports from the World Health Organisation. I have also utilised resources from the CDC, CIDRAP, H5N1, Virology Down Under and National Geographic.

Random Analytics: Ebola by Classification and Year (to 30 Mar 2014)

“We are facing an epidemic of a magnitude never before seen in terms of the distribution of cases in the country” Mariano Lugli, Coordinator, Medecins Sans Frontieres, Conkary, Guinea (Mar, 31, 2014).

Ebola Zaire, one of the deadliest variants of the virus has once again broken out in Africa. For the first time in its history it has emerged in Guinea and subsequently spread to Liberia. Unlike many of the former outbreaks it is not isolated to one or two villages or regions but spread out across Guinea into several prefectures.

The current outbreak, which is ongoing, has seen 112-persons infected with 70-deaths in Guinea and in neighbouring Liberia up to seven-persons with two deaths. Both outbreaks are fluid and those numbers may increase or decrease as confirmation of case numbers solidifies or the virus spreads further. See the latest World Health Organisation (WHO) Disease Outbreak News (DON) from both Guinea and Liberia for the latest details.

As part of a post-graduate study program that I am undertaking I am building a five-minute lesson in which I plan to explain the Ebola Haemorrhagic Fever (EHF), in layman terms to pre-service teachers in five graphs and six dot points supplied by WHO. Here are the dot points and the first graph (with more to follow).

Key Facts: (source: Fact Sheet 103, WHO, last updated March 2014)

  • The Ebola virus causes Ebola virus disease (EVD; formerly known as Ebola haemorrhagic fever) in humans;
  • EVD outbreaks have a case fatality rate of up to 90%;
  • EVD outbreaks occur primarily in remote villages in Central and West Africa, near tropical rainforests;
  • The virus is transmitted to people from wild animals and spreads in the human population through human-to-human transmission;
  • Fruit bats of the Pteropodidae family are considered to be the natural host of the Ebola virus;
  • No specific treatment or vaccine is available for use in people or animals.

01 - Ebola_CasesbyClassYear_140401

***** Please note that this infographic of the Ebola Haemorrhagic Fever (EHF) was updated with public source information to 1200hrs 1 April 2014 (EST) *****

The first infographic shows cases by classification (Ebola Zaire, Sudan, Bundibugyo, Reston and Ivory Coast) by year and then split into those recovered or those deceased (following in a red variant). As you can see the initial outbreak of the both Ebola Zaire and Sudan in 1976 was the most significant with 603 cases and 431 deaths (a combined Case Fatality Rate of 71.5%). With up to 119 confirmed cases so far the 2014 outbreak numbers are already seventh in terms of case numbers.

Notes: Several years had just one case. They are 1972 (a retrospective fatality of Ebola Zaire in Zaire), 1977 (a single case of Ebola Zaire in Zaire), 1988 (an accidental infection of Ebola Zaire in Porton Down, UK) and 2011 (a single fatality of Ebola Sudan in Uganda). The 2014 numbers are currently provisional.

Acknowledgements: Data for this infographic was sourced from official reports from the World Health Organisation. I have also utilised resources from the CDC, CIDRAP, H5N1 and National Geographic.